Chromium has been associated with a reduction in the risk for obesity, less weight gain, and it may positively affect food intake. Studies have found that higher Chromium intake is associated with a reduction in adipose tissue (fat accumulation on the body) and better controlled eating.
In addition to problems with blood sugar metabolism, symptoms such as anxiety or fatigue may be produced by even a mild deficiency in chromium. Both abnormal cholesterold metabolism and increased progress of atherosclerosis are associated with chromium deficiency as well. Further, a deficiency in chromium may cause decreased growth in young people and result in slower healing time following injury or surgery.
Required in trace amounts by our bodies, Chromium is known to enhance the action of insulin, a hormone critical to the metabolism and storage of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body. Chromium's role in regulating blood sugar, heart health, weight management, and brain health has been well researched. It plays a role in the insulin-signaling pathways that allow our bodies to control the amount of sugar we take in, thereby helping to balance blood glucose levels and giving us stable energy.
One study done by the Biomedical Research Center at the Louisiana State University found that Chromium supplementation effectively helped modulate food intake in healthy, overweight, adult women who reported craving carbohydrates. After comparing the effects of Chromium versus placebo in 42 overweight women over an eight-week period, the group taking 1,000 milligrams of Chromium daily experienced reduced food intake, reduced hunger levels, fewer fat cravings, and a slight decrease in body weight.